Will shopping ever be the same?
Although I am not a shopper (and my wife tells me I am a nightmare to go shopping with), I came across two interesting articles about shopping last week.
The first was by Tom Witherow from the Daily Mail. I usually read the Daily Mail only when I need an antidote to the doom and gloom put out by our old friends the BBC, so it must have been one of those days.
The second was by Suzanne Moore, a Guardian journalist. This is a real anomaly because I never read the Guardian! However, I came across Suzanne’s article somewhere.
Tom Witherow’s article was about the here and now. He was explaining the retailing statistics for September 2020 published by the CBI. Suzanne Moore’s article was more about the future. She ponders whether attitudes to shopping will change forever because of the Covid-19 pandemic. Or maybe she hopes they will change? Anyway, more on them later.
The retail facts
Before I commented on the articles, I thought I would get the bald facts if I could.
It is widely reported that the effects of the various Covid-19 lockdowns on many high street retail outlets have been largely negative. But, leaving aside the more alarmist stories in the media, what is the true picture? How is retail doing? How has it been affected by the pandemic?
To find out I went to the Government website: https://www.ons.gov.uk/businessindustryandtrade/retailindustry/bulletins/retailsales/august2020.
Unfortunately, dry statistics are often dry, and a bit boring. Please ignore this section is you find them indigestible. Anyway, this is what I gathered:
- In August 2020, the value of retail sales increased by 0.7% and volume sales by 0.8% compared with July 2020.
- When compared with February 2020’s pre-pandemic level, total retail sales were 2.5% and 4.0% higher in value and volume terms, respectively.
- When compared with the previous three months, a stronger rate of growth was seen in the three months to August, at 16.4% and 16.7% for value and volume sales, respectively.
- The only measure to show a decline was value sales in the three months to August when compared with the same three months a year ago, at negative 0.6%.
- Comparing the change in year to date sales volumes in 2020 (January to August) with the same period a year earlier, we see:
- Total retail sales volumes decreased by 4.8% up to August 2020. All sectors, except for food and non-store retailing, saw a fall in sales.
- Food stores increased by 4.4% and non-store (online) retailing showed strong growth at 28.6% when compared with January to August 2019.
- From March 2020, consumers shifted to spending in essential food stores and online retailers as many stores within non-food retailing faced temporary closures.
- Total non-food stores fell by 18.2%, with a strong decline of 30.1% for clothing stores.
- While many fuel stations remained open during lockdown, movement restrictions, including homeworking, had reduced travel and volume sales fell by 24.3% in 2020 as a result.
- Looking at the volume of retail sales for each store type from March to August when compared with February’s pre-pandemic levels we see:
- In August, total retail sales volumes were 4.0% higher than February. Sectors above February’s pre-pandemic level were food stores, other non-food retailing, household goods and non-store retailing.
- All other sectors have shown a slower rate of growth since lockdown and continued to recover.
- Volume sales within non-store retailing increased sharply in April and May, and sales in August were 38.9% higher than February 2020. This was driven by a shift to online orders during lockdown because of temporary store closures for non-essential stores.
- As a result, all non-food stores experienced a sharp decline in April, with signs of recovery from May to August 2020. Clothing stores were the worst hit during this time as sales in August were 15.9% lower than February 2020.
A short summary
The overall conclusion to be drawn from these rather bewildering figures is that the picture is mixed. Since June (when the first lockdown restrictions were introduced), on-line sales (also called “non-store” sales) generally are booming, while the high street is still suffering. Petrol and in-store clothing sales have declined sharply. However, in-store (high street) sales of food and home essentials are growing strongly.
Tom Witherow’ article
Tom Witherow’s article helped to explain what is going on. He considered the findings of the retail sales figures to September 2020, which can be found in the CBI Distributive Trades Survey at: https://www.cbi.org.uk/economic-surveys/distributive-trades-survey/.
Tom neatly summarised the facts and cited some specific trading results of household names in the retail sector. I further summarise his facts as follows:
- Compared with a “normal September” the biggest in-store retail winners (besides food) were household furniture, DIY, pets and hardware. Their sales were up an average of 35%.
- Clothing and department stores were the biggest losers, down 40% and 23%, respectively. Also, these stores are still struggling and there seems to be no immediate prospect of recovery.
- DFS (the furniture store) is booming. It explains its success as due to “the nesting instinct” brought about by the pandemic. It recorded an increase in sales of £226 million over a ten-week period to September 2020.
- Pets at Home is also doing well, cashing in on the desire by pet owners to spend more on their pets. It has recorded double digit growth to September.
So, again the picture is very mixed, with in store clothing being the big loser. What these results don’t tell us, however, is how much clothing is being sold on-line.
Suzanne Moore’s article
Suzanne’s focus is on the future and she wonders whether the pandemic has changed forever our attitudes towards shopping. She wonders whether we will ever return to “the normal”. I quote her at length because she puts it very well:
“We don’t need to endlessly renew our wardrobe and our look. However, consumer logic says the opposite: that you can never have enough. If only you buy one more thing, everything will be better …
The pandemic has changed all that… It is no use (the politicians) telling us to go back to sandwich chains or high-street stores out of patriotic duty when we have found small local shops that suit us better. Many of us have also discovered we do not need all the things we once thought we did…
The mutation of shopping from buying necessary stuff to being a leisure activity – “retail therapy” – has been one of the most miserable cons of modern life. Do people in these big out-of-town malls look happy, ever? …
If the idea of getting back to normal means going back to mindless shopping instead of picking up on more sustainable trends – repurposing, DIY, buying second hand, supporting small shops – then I don’t want to go back to normal. The homogenised high streets of our cities needed repurposing long before the coronavirus.
“What consumerism really is, at its worst, is getting people to buy things that don’t actually improve their lives.” Who said this? Some French Marxist in the early 70s? No, Jeff Bezos.
What improves your life is entirely personal. You may indeed find it online. Or you may find it at the bottom of a pile of clothes. If anything good has come out of this awful time, it is this. A reconnection with our material lives, a pause in mindless consumption. “When the going gets tough, the tough go shopping,” they used to say. Well, it’s no longer true, if it ever was.
The tough find, if we’re lucky, we actually already have a lot of what we need. We don’t need to add to the pile.”
“Things will never be the same again”
The “Things will never be the same again” argument that Suzanne raises rages on. Some say the effect of Covid-19 is purely short term (whether your short term is 6 months or 12). Others believe that it will cause a fundamental change to the way we live, especially in how we travel and how we shop.
I am on the side of the short termists believing most things will soon return to normal. But then I never was a shopper. But, what about you? Do you think we will soon return to “the normal”. or have things changed fundamentally?